Pillar V - Gender and Sexual Based Violence

Sexual and other forms of gender based violence are highly prevalent in the Great Lakes region; and there is very little accountability for those who commit these crimes, which has led to impunity.

This is irrespective of the fact that there are regional and country commitments to address impunity. In 2006, countries of the Great Lakes region under the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) signed the Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes region (ICGLR Pact) to address the security and development issues in the region.

The ICGLR Pact has 10 protocols including the Protocol on the Prevention and Suppression of Sexual Violence against Women and Children, which commits member states to prevent, criminalise and punish acts of sexual violence in peace times and in times of war in accordance with national laws and international criminal law. All the countries of the Great Lakes region have legal frameworks in place that criminalise sexual violence.